How to Identify & Remove Cockroaches

What are the signs of Cockroaches?

  • Ootheca (eggs)
  • Droppings (small black dots that can be seen on and under cabinet and outlets. Looks like black pepper.)
  • Roaches seen during the day
  • Bodies of dead roaches
  • Unpleasant smell


How Did I Get Cockroaches?

Like bed bugs, cockroaches are hitch hikers. Whether you are at work, school, subways, etc., cockroaches will be able to crawl into your belongings. Cockroaches like to hide in dark and warm areas, making hiding and finding food easier. If a roach is seen during the day, that is a sign of a infestation. In homes and business, roaches can enter through cracks on foundation walls, cracks around doors, sewer pipes, and drains. Favored hiding spots are under sinks, in cabinets, behind refrigerators and stove, and in boiler rooms.


How Do I Get Rid of Cockroaches?

Some over the counter sprays may not solve a roach infestation. Some over the counter products will be able to kill roaches that are visible but will push remaining roaches into hiding and will eventually create a heavy infestation. But don't worry! At EM Pest Control, we have a 3 Step Treatment Program: Service, Solution, Satisfaction that can help get rid of roaches. All houses and businesses are different from each other, so once the property is inspected, a technician will give you treatment options that best suits you. 

Call Us: (516)-455-6742 OR (516)-491-2768


Schedule an Online Request


German Cockroaches


 Size: Adults range from 1/2 inch long - 5/8 inch long.

Color: Light brown to tan with 2 dark almost parallel stripes on their backs and heads.


German Cockroaches are the most common indoor roach species found in inner city homes and pose a serious threat to human health. German cockroaches are known to carry diseases such as Salmonella and can cause food poisoning. Find out more here: The Truth About Cockroaches and Health. One or two roaches can quickly become a heavy infestation in a matter of weeks. Female German Cockroach drops an ootheca (egg capsule) and each egg capsule contains 40 eggs. The eggs will hatch within a month. A single female German Cockroach will produce 5 ootheca. The development time from an egg to adult is 103 days on average. The picture below is what the German Cockroach ootheca looks like:

Ootheca size: 1/4 inch - 3/8 inch

Color: yellowish brown

Habits and Habitat

Infestations are mainly found in kitchens and bathrooms where water, food, and harborages are abundant. Harborages include cracks and crevices under countertops, sinks, void under cabinets, on the sides and behind drawers, behind refrigerators, televisions, peeling paint, etc. German cockroaches can be found throughout the structure but preferably in warm areas. Like bed bugs, these cockroaches are hitch hikers. They can be transported in homes and business by hiding in delivery packages, cardboard boxes, and grocery bags. German roaches will feed on anything even soap, glue, toothpaste and each other. 


Brown-banded Cockroaches


Size: Adults are about 1/2 inch long. The ootheca (egg capsule) is about 1/4 inch long

Color: Light brown to brown. The ootheca is light brown.

Habits and Habitats

Brown-banded Cockroach closely resembles the German Cockroach both in size, shape and color. Like German Cockroaches, Brown-banded roaches can be found in large numbers within structures throughout the U.S. In fact, its common to find both species of roaches in structures, especially in commercial properties. There are differences in habits and breeding between the two species. Brown-banded roaches are attracted to light, whereas German roaches prefer darkness. If disturbed, female brown-banded roaches will run away while the males will fly away. In structures, they're often found inside appliance motors, toasters, TV sets, picture frames, light switches, furniture, ceilings and computers. These areas provide just what they're looking for - warm areas of about 80 degrees. These roaches will feed on anything even each other. Brown-banded roaches are also hitch hikers. They can be transported to homes and businesses by hiding in furniture and grocery items. 


A single female Brown-banded Cockroach will lay 14 ootheca and each ootheca contains about 14-18 eggs. Female Brown-banded cockroaches carries their ootheca for about 30 hours and then attaches the ootheca on shelves, furniture and other dark, warm and protected areas. The development time from an egg to an adult averages from 90-276 days depending on the temperature and conditions. The ootheca is light brown and the size is 1/4 inch. 


American Cockroach


Size: Adults range from 1 1/4 inch long to 2 1/8 inch long. The ootheca (egg capsule) is 3/8 inch long

Color: Adults are reddish brown. The ootheca (egg capsule) is dark reddish to brown.

Habits and Habitat

American Cockroaches are often referred to as "water bugs." This pest tends to harbor and breed in warm, dark, moist locations such as sewers, gutters and damp basements in homes, restaurants, grocery stores, and hospitals with temperatures between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. They can also be found in yards during the summer months in damp areas. They have been spotted in large numbers in dark, wet alleys and in and around outside garbage dumpsters. One way American Cockroaches can enter structures is through the sewer systems via drains and pipes. American cockroaches feed on decaying leaves, fungi, algae, small insects, pet food and food crumbs.


Both the male and female American cockroaches can fly but the wings. The life span of the American Cockroach depends on the temperature and environments. A single female American cockroach can produce about 9-10 ootheca and each ootheca contains about 16 eggs. The eggs will hatch in 1-2 months. The female American cockroach will carry her ootheca for up to 4 days and then deposits her egg in dark and warm areas near a food source. The development time from an egg to an adult is between 6-12 months. The lifespan of an American cockroach from egg to an adult is 168-786 days. The female American cockroach can live from 90-706 days and males from 90-362. The image below is what the ootheca looks like:

Size: 3/8 inch

Color: reddish to blackish brown


Oriental Cockroaches 

Size: Adults males are 1 inch and the females are 1 1/4 inch. The ootheca (egg capsule) is 3/8 inch

Color: Shiny black but varies from dark reddish to brown. The ootheca is dark brown or reddish.

Habits and Habitat

Oriental Cockroaches closely resemble American Cockroaches. Like the American Cockroaches, Oriental roaches prefer dark, moist areas but are often found in large numbers in cooler environments such as crawlspaces, cool damp basements, cellars, under leaves, sewers, garbage containers, and refuse compactors. When overcrowding occurs within their environments, they will move to upper floors by climbing water pipes, They often enter buildings through utility pipes and air ducts, floor drains and unscreened ventilators. Oriental cockroaches feed on anything especially decaying organic matter and starchy foods. They can survive up to a month without food but cannot survive two weeks without water.


Like American cockroaches, Oriental cockroaches are one of the largest species of cockroaches and are also called "water bugs" and "black beetles." Even though Oriental cockroaches have wings, they do not fly. A single female Oriental Cockroach will lay about 8 ootheca and each ootheca contains about 16 eggs. Female Oriental Cockroach will deposit her ootheca within 30 hours and places the ootheca in a warm and protected area near a food source. The development time from an egg to adult is about 200 days depending on the temperature and conditions. The ootheca are reddish brown and the size is 3/8 inch.


Cockroach Prevention Tips

1) Clean counters, sinks, stove, oven, utensils, dishes, sweep and mop the floor.

2) Use a dehumidifier to prevent moisture build up.

3) Eliminate any standing water inside and outside of homes and businesses. such as gutters and downspouts.

4) Avoid leaving any food left out. Make sure all food containers are sealed.

5) Seal any cracks and gaps around the kitchen, bathrooms and basements using caulk.

6) Any packages, groceries, and deliveries must be checked.

7) If you see more German cockroaches inside your home or business, contact EM Pest Control and our technician(s) will give you different treatment options to help you get rid of these roaches.


[Go Back]