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Bald Faced Hornet

Size: 1/2 inch - 5/8 inch

Color: The body is mostly black and the face has white markings

Shape: Wasps like appearance

Habits and Habitat

Bald Faced Hornets are social insects that consists of a queen, workers (females) and males from unfertilized eggs that will hatch in a month. Bald Faced hornets are not true hornets and are related to yellowjackets. Even though bald faced hornets are related to yellowjackets, these hornets will eat yellowjackets as well as nectar, flies and other insects. The nest is made of chewed wood from trees and logs, and the queen will make a nest in trees, shrubs, and sheds. There are between 100-400 workers in a nest. During the fall, the males will mate with the females and once the newly fertilized females becomes an adult, they will leave the nest to look for a place to hibernate for the winter. When winter comes, the queen, males and workers will die off and the newly fertilized females will be the next season's queen. Some places that the females hide for the winter are in attics, garages. When spring comes, those females will emerge to look for a new place to make a nest. The old nest will not be used again. 

Bald Faced Hornet Nest and Eggs 


The danger of bald faced hornets is the stinger. Unlike yellowjackets and paper wasps  that will sting if they feel threatened, bald faced hornets will sting if someone invades their space and will sting multiple times. Once stung, the venom is injected into the body and can cause life threatening allergic reactions.



European Hornet





Size: 1 inch - 1 1/2 inch

Color: Brown with yellow stripes

European Hornets are social insects that have between 200-400 workers in a colony. These hornets are called European hornets because they were originally in Europe but was brought over to New York in the 1800s. These hornets eats insects such as bees, yellowjackets, and grasshoppers making them beneficial insects.