Eastern Subterranean Termites

Size: Swarmers are 3/8 inch, Soldiers and Workers are 1/8 inch

Color: Soldiers are creamy white and the head is brown. Workers are also creamy white. Swarmers are dark brown/black

Shape: Long, narrow and oval

Eastern Subterranean Termites are social insects that consists of reproductives (queen, king, swarmers), workers and soldiers. The role of soldier termites is to defend the colony from enemies such as ants. Workers role is to damage and gather wood. The nest cannot be seen because it is located several feet below the ground and the colony can hold up to 1 million termites. A colony starts with one male and one female swarmer. A male swarmer and a female swarmer will leave an existing colony to make a new colony. Once the pair of swarmers find a place to make a colony, the male and female swarmers will shed their wings and will mate. and the female swarmer will lay eggs. Each year, the number of eggs that the queen lays increases.


The danger of Eastern Subterranean Termites is the damage they do to wood. Termites cause $5 billion in property. There are 60,000 termite workers in a colony and termite workers eat wood 24 hours a day as time passes and as the colony gets bigger, the damage to the wood increases and will pose a problem and homeowners.

Signs of Subterranean Termites in homes are:

  • Shed wings of termite swarmers on baseboards and windowsills
  • Mud tubes